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Day 1: Mark 15:1-15
- Did the Jewish leaders have the legal right to execute Jesus?
- Why is the charge of calling himself King of the Jews powerful to a Roman prefect?
- Think of Roman mythology. Did the Romans believe in one God or many?
- Why would it not be a big deal to a Roman than Jesus said He was God?
- Did Jesus give a clear answer?
- Did Jesus respond to the accusations?
- How did Pilate feel about this?
- This was the first appearance before Pilate. Luke 23:1-12 gives us information about his appearance before Herod as well.
- Why would Luke include this detail and why would Mark leave it out?
- Does this alter the historicity of the crucifixion?
- Is this a contradiction or just missing information?
- Why is the crime of Barabbas ironic in this situation?
- Did Pilate believe Jesus was innocent? (Luke 23:14, Mark 15:10)
- Was Pilate more concerned with doing what was just or what was a politically good move?
- Was this the same crowd of people who had welcomed Jesus a week earlier or is it a different mix of people coming into town for the Passover?
- Think about this scene for a moment. Who is trying, at least a little, to save Jesus? Who is trying to kill him? Is this how it should be?
- Why, in the end, did Pilate agree to have Jesus crucified?
- In this instance, Jesus was a substitution for Barabbas for an earthly judgment. Is this the same as taking his place for the judgment of sins by God?
Research Question: What is involved in scourging? (Warning: This is very violent)
Day 2: Psalm 22:1-21
Note: People would memorize large sections (or all) of the OT. When someone would say the first line of a Psalm, the whole thing would be brought to the memories of those who heard
- What is the first line of this Psalm?
- What is the main theme of this section? (verses 3-5)
- What do the people taunt this person with? (verses 6-8)
- What is his life poured out like? How does his heart feel? (verse 14)
- What has happened to his hands and feet? (verse 16)
- What do the onlookers do with his clothes? (verse 18)
- What kind of death does this sound like?
- When was this Psalm written?
- When was crucifixion invented?
- When was Jesus crucified?
Day 3: Isaiah 52:13-53:12
- How does this servant look? (52:14, 53:2)
- Was he accepted or rejected? (53:3)
- What did he carry? (verse 4)
- For whose sins did they think he was punished? (verse 4)
- For whose sins was actually he punished? (verse 5)
- Why was he beaten and whipped? (verse 5)
- Who laid the sins on him? (verse 6)
- Did this person say a word? (verse 7)
- Was he justly condemned? (verse 8)
- Did he have descendants? (verse 8)
- Where was he buried? (verse 9)
- What was his life made as an offering for? (verse 10)
- Will he have descendants? (verse 10)
- How can that be if he died without any?
- Will he live?
- How can that be if he died?
- What did this person make possible? (11)
- Who is this prophecy about?
- What did Jesus do for us on the cross?
Research Question: Who are the descendants of Abraham? Check out Galatians 3: 6-9 and 26-29. Could verse 10 in this chapter of Isaiah be referencing this same idea?
Day 4: Mark 15:16-32
- What did they dress Jesus in?
- What did the strike him with? (Matthew 27:29)
- Who was forced to carry Jesus’ cross?
- Who were his sons?
- Why is this a significant detail? (See Romans 16:13)
- Where was Mark likely written?
- Where was the other Simon: Simon Peter?
- Who would be the eyewitness if we didn’t know this detail?
- What did they do with his clothes?
- Where have we seen this prophesied?
- How did the thieves on the crosses next to Jesus treat him? (Like 23:39-43)
- What did those watching mock him with?
- Could they deny that he had saved others?
- Could Jesus have saved himself in that moment? (Matthew 26:53)
- Why didn’t he? (Matthew 26:54)
Research Question: How does one die when crucified?
Day 5: Mark 15:33-41
- How long was the land dark for?
- What is darkness usually associated with in the OT? (Deuteronomy 28:29, Amos 8:9-10. Jeremiah 15:9)
- What did Jesus say from the cross?
- What Psalm is this the first line of?
- What is the significance of this? (2 Corinthians 5:21, Galatians 3:13)
- What else did Jesus cry out? (Luke 23:46, John 19:30, Psalm 22:29-31)
- What happened immediately after this?
- What is the veil? (Exodus 26:31, Hebrews 10:19-20)
- What is the significance of the veil tearing?
- What did the Centurion recognize?
- Why is this declaration so incredible?
- How do you think this man felt?
- Did this man likely mean “Son of God” in the same way Jews would have understood it?
- Who was at the cross with Jesus when he died?
- Why is this a significant detail?
- Where were the rest of the disciples?
- Is there other historical or astrological evidence of a solar eclipse and earthquake (Matthew 27:51) happening at this time?
- What is the Greek word that Jesus cries out in John 19:30?
- What does it mean in Greek?
- When else was it used?
- Do you think there is a connection between the common use of this word and what Jesus accomplished on the cross for us?
Day 6: Mark 15:42-47
- Who is Joseph of Arimathea?
- Would he have been a part of the council that sentenced Jesus to death?
- Were tombs a common thing for the people of Jesus’ economic status?
- What was this tomb like? (Matthew 27:60)
- How does this fact fulfill prophecy? (Isaiah 53:9)
- Did Jews leave bodies out like the Romans did? (Deuteronomy 21:22-23)
- Pilate was surprised that he was dead. How do we know he was dead? (John 19:31-36)
- Why would they be rushed? (verse 42)
Research Question: Do we have good evidence for the location of this tomb today?
Resource: Podcast by Capturing Christianity interviewing Dr. Calum Miller and Dr. Max Baker-Hytch about the historical evidence for the resurrection. This episode focuses on the historical evidence that the tomb was actually the one that we commemorate today.